A soft and strong fibre that holds dye well for bright colouration. Cotton is an easy care, low maintenance option and lends itself to a lighter construction.
Wool is a popular choice for being naturally flame retardant, durable; warm in winter and cool in summer. Wool holds colour well, while maintaining its natural look. New wool rugs will shed lightly in the first three to six months and be low shed after this time. Shedding renews the fibre and keeps your wool rug looking fresh and new for many years. Higher quality wool will experience less shedding and be softer to the touch. You can also choose a vintage handmade wool rug, or a Tibetan hand knotted rug for a low to no shed option.
Jute is a popular choice, being very eco friendly and cost effective. Often hand braided, this material gives an organic look and is easy to style. This material is moderately soft, and is not as durable as some other materials such as wool or heat-set polypropylene. Jute is highly absorbent, so best to avoid using this material in areas that may experience spills such as bathroom, kitchen or dining rooms.
Sisal is a popular choice for entrances and hallways as it is durable, rugged and easy to keep clean. Sisal rugs resist dirt particles and contains natural tannins (also found in tea and red wine) that control the growth of bacteria, fungi and dust mites. Sisal is the most coarse of the rug fibres, so may not be ideal for bedroom or lounge room settings.
Hemp is a versatile fibre that is very ecofriendly, durable and stylish. Hemp fibre can be coarse or soft depending on the treatment the material receives, but all hemp will soften over time.
Acrylic is a super soft fibre that holds dye extremely well, allowing for a wide variety of colours from the softest pastel to the boldest brights. It is an excellent choice for kids rooms, lounge rooms and bedrooms. As with wool, the pile will shed slightly in the first three to six months and reduce after this time - choose a low pile acrylic rug if you want the benefits of acrylic with less shedding. This makes acrylic best suited to low traffic areas.
BCF polypropylene is a durable and cost effective material. The fibres are created from bi-products of the petroleum industry and can be recycled.
Heat Set Polypropylene
This type of polypropylene can be finished in many different ways to mimic more expensive natural fibres - from soft and shiny silk to a matte, rugged Berber wool. The fibre is heat set. This refers to a stage in the yarn production process whereby two or more yarn fibres are twisted together and then heated to ensure the yarns remain joined, permitting greater design flexibility and appearance.
This fibre creates the easiest care rug option around; being stain and spill resistant, non shed, easy to clean and perfect for all spaces. Heat Set Polypropylene is waterproof, and is used in outdoor rugs as both the pile and the backing.
Polyester is a soft and shiny fibre that is usually found in shag rugs and is a low shed material.
Viscose is a super soft and shiny fibre that can be used on its own or to add soft, shimmering touches to natural fibre rugs. Viscose will shed slightly, less so if the viscose has a loop pile construction.